Names on the buses

457 Dr Julius Carlebach

Connections with Brighton and Hove: Julius Carlebach was a Jewish refugee from Germany who became a distinguished academic. He was the son of Chief Rabbi Joseph and Mrs. Lotte Carlebach of Hamburg, part of one of the prominent German Jewish families. His parents and his three youngest sisters perished in the Nazi concentration camp Jungfernhof. His younger brother was the only survivor. Julius and one sister were sent to England on a Kindertransport and four older sisters managed to escape from Germany. Carlebach went briefly to school in London before he was told at the age of 16 to go and get a job. At 18 he was interned on the Isle of Man and from there joined the Alien Pioneer corps from where he was recruited by the Royal Navy and served at sea listening in to German uboat messages. After the war while trying to get to University he worked in a night club cleaning floors and washing dishes but did not manage to study for his entrance exams until he was offered a job to work in child Care at the Jewish Orphanage in Norwood south London, at the same time he studied for his degree in sociology at the University of London. After his marriage to Myrna Landau they spent 4 years in Nairobi where he was the Rabbi to the Jewish community of Kenya and he advised the child Welfare Society of Kenya and was instrumental in setting up the Kenya Israel School of Rural Social Work. The couple’s two sons, Joseph and Ezriel were born in Nairobi. In 1963 they returned to England where Julius did postgraduate work in Cambridge, then moved to Bristol where he taught at Bristol University for two years . In 1968 he was appointed to the University of Sussex where he taught sociology and Israeli Studies. Carlebach was also the Jewish chaplain at the University, the Polytechnic/ Brighton University and the resident Director of Brighton Hillel House, a residential and cultural Institution for students. During his years in Brighton he also served all three Orthodox Jewish synagogues as acting rabbi when they were without an incumbent. He served on the boards of two nearby approved Schools. He retired in 1988 and was immediately persuaded to head the college of Jewish Studies in Heidelberg as Rector and Professor of Jewish History. He was honoured by the German government for his work. During his time in Germany he retained his home in Dyke Road, Brighton, where his book lined study was a place of intellectual discussion. His published works included “Caring for children in Trouble” and “Karl Marx and the Radicle Critique of Judais,” He also contributed chapters to a number of scholarly works.  He died in Brighton aged 78 in 2001.

457 Volvo Gemini - carried name since delivery in May 2013 on Route 5.